The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment used by large corporations and government agencies, as well as by small businesses and non-profit organizations. It was developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother Katharine Briggs, based on Carl Jung’s theory of psychological types. The mother-daughter team sought to better understand the variances between personality types and thereby improve communication and interaction between the various types.
This assessment presents a series of questions which are used to determine an individual’s preferences in four areas:
• Extraversion (E) vs. Introversion (I): Is the individuals focus concentrated outwardly or
• Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N): Does the individual process information as a sequence or
• Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F): Does the individual make decisions objectively or using
• Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P): Does the individual use a planned approach or spontaneous
activity to deal with the world around them?
Respondents are assigned one letter from each pair to “describe” their unique way of interacting with others, whether in a business, social, or family situation. The MBTI is not a personality test, and does not measure knowledge, intelligence, or ability; no answer is labeled as “right” or “wrong” and no 4-letter style is considered better or worse than another.
Once an individual’s style is determined and understood, it becomes easier to build on personal strengths to communicate effectively and interact more positively with co-workers, superiors, teammates, friends, and family members. This leads to stronger relationships in all interactions, improved teamwork toward common goals, and better management of stressors and conflict.